Eliza Ellen Hawk (Crawford) 9,12
- Born: 1827, Ohio 9,12
- Marriage: Milton H. Bowman on 25 Oct 1842 12
- Died: 12 Apr 1887, Melrose, Iowa at age 60 12
Another name for Eliza was Elizabeth "Eliza" E.
Eliza Ellen Hawk was full blooded Sauk(Sac or Fox)Indian. North American Indian tribes of Algonquian linguistic stock. For a long period they dwelt around Saginaw Bay in East Michigan, but in the early 17th century, they were driven from this area by the allied Ottawa and Neutral groups. The Sauk and the Fox fled North across the Strait of Mackinac, then South into Wisconsin. Thus in 1667, when visited by Father Allouez, They were settled around Green Bay in N.E. Wisconsin. They then numbered 6,500. Warlike and savage, they were involved in many wars against the Sioux, the Illinois, the Ojibwa, and the French. The French, harassed by the Fox on the Fox-Wisconsin waterway, waged a war of extermination, by 1730 they had reduced the Fox to a mere handful. The remnants of the tribe incorporated with their long standing allies, the Sac, and from that time the two tribes have been known as the Sac and Fox. After the war with the Illinois, the Sac and Fox moved into Illinois territory. In 1804 a fraudulent treaty was extracted from them, and they were told to move west of the Mississippi. Most of the tribe refused to go, but by 1831 they were induced to cross the river into Iowa. By 1832, they were back on the East side of the river, attacking frontier settlements. This started the Black Hawk War. After that they were moved west, eventually settling on reservations in Iowa, Kansas, and Oklahoma. Today they number some 1,100. Sac and Fox culture was of the Eastern Woodlands area with some intrusive Plains area traits. They are also called the Sauk and Fox. Eliza (may be Elija) was raised by settlers named Crawford.
Facts about this person:
Noted events in her life were:
• Alt. Birth: ohio, Abt 1827.
• Fact 1: Fact 1 See Note Page. 12
• Residence: Wayne, Monroe, Iowa, 1880. 9
Eliza married Milton H. Bowman, son of John Bowman and Mary Ann Jones, on 25 Oct 1842.12 (Milton H. Bowman was born on 4 Jan 1821 in Ohio 12 and died on 31 May 1895 in Melrose, Iowa 12.)